IoT /M2M

The network of objects that communicate with each other via IP networks (Machine to Machine / M2M) without any human interaction


The Internet of Things (IoT) is the term used to describe the network of objects that communicate with each other via IP networks without any human interaction.

The objects have software, sensors, actuators, electronics and network connectivity embedded enabling them to collect data and exchange it with other objects.

How it differs

So how does IoT differ from the more ‘traditional’ machine to machine (M2M) term?

The key is IP. M2M has mainly focused on direct point-to-point connectivity across mobile networks or fixed line. IoT communications involve IP networks and will usually employ cloud or middleware platforms.


M2M is really about the communication only, not the broader processes and applications which would typically accompany IoT.

The term ‘big data’ is now very much a used term referring to the sheer scale of data intelligence being generated from connected assets, from which programming and analysis can lead to improved business performance.

The Internet of Things (IoT) - Smart City of the Future - Smart Buildings / Smart Health / Smart Energy / Smart Mobility and Public Safety

The things can refer to physical devices, buildings, vehicles, anything that can be embedded with the items required to enable the connectivity.

Put everything together and you can simply break IoT into three areas – the things, how those things connect, and the analysis of the data generated.

The acronym IoT is now a much-used phrase talked across industry, enterprise and consumer. The technology touches everyone’s lives – it’s just that not everybody realises it! The ‘connected home’, the ‘connected car’, the ‘Internet of Everything’, or the ‘Industrial Internet of Things’. The terms are becoming common parlance as they continue to impact on the way we think, work and live.

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